Obligations and Principles
Objectives of the NAALC
- To improve working conditions
and living standards in each Party's
- To promote, to the maximum extent
possible, the labor principles set
out in the Agreement.
- To encourage cooperation to promote
innovation and rising levels of
productivity and quality.
- To encourage publication and exchange
of information, data development
and coordination, and joint studies
to enhance mutually beneficial understanding
of the laws and institutions governing
labor in each Party's territory.
- To pursue cooperative labor-related
activities on the basis of mutual
- To promote compliance with, and
effective enforcement by each Party
of, its labor law.
- To foster transparency in the
administration of labor law.
Obligations under the NAALC
Levels of Protection: Affirming
full respect for each Party's constitution,
each Party shall ensure that its labor
laws and regulations provide for high
labor standards, consistent with high
quality and high productivity workplaces,
and shall continue to strive to improve
those standards in that light.
Government Enforcement Action:
Each Party shall promote compliance
with and effectively enforce its labor
law through appropriate government
action. Each Party shall ensure that
its competent authorities give due
consideration to any request for an
investigation of an alleged violation
of the Party's labor law.
Private Action: Each Party
shall ensure that persons with a legally
recognized interest in a particular
matter have appropriate access to
tribunals for the enforcement of the
Party's labor law. Each Party's law
shall ensure that such persons may
have recourse to procedures by which
rights arising under its labor law
and collective agreements can be enforced.
Procedural Guarantees: Each
Party shall ensure that its proceedings
for the enforcement of its labor law
are fair, equitable and transparent.
Each Party shall provide that final
decisions on the merits of the case
are in writing, made available without
undue delay and based on information
or evidence. Each Party shall provide
the right to seek review and correction
of final decisions. Each Party shall
ensure that tribunals are impartial
and independent. Each Party shall
provide remedies to ensure the enforcement
of their labor rights. Each Party
may, as appropriate, adopt or maintain
labor defense offices to represent
or advise workers or their organizations.
Publication: Each Party
shall ensure that its laws, regulations,
procedures and administrative rulings
are promptly published or otherwise
Public Information and Awareness:
Each Party shall promote public awareness
of its labor law by ensuring that
public information is available and
by promoting public education.
Labor Principles of the NAALC
- Freedom of association and protection
of the right to organize.
- The right to bargain collectively.
- The right to strike.
- Prohibition of forced labor.
- Labor protections for children
and young persons.
- Minimum employment standards.
- Elimination of employment discrimination.
- Equal pay for women and men.
- Prevention of occupational injuries
- Compensation in cases of occupational
injuries and illnesses.
- Protection of migrant workers.